Skin Conditions and their treatment

8 Skin Problems That You Deal With Every Day

Skin problems

1.  Acne

Acne Vulgaris, the most common name for acne that occurs when a pore clogged with oil and dead skin cells get inflamed. Bacteria and hormones cause acne on face, back and chest. Clogged pores also lead to Blackheads and whiteheads. Pores that stays open and turned black called blackheads while completely closed pores known as whiteheads. Acne falls from mild to moderate to severe category. You can tell the category of an acne by simply counting them.

Mild acne, you may have fewer than 20 white or blackheads visible on your face. and if you have less than 15 inflamed bumps and fewer than 30 lesions then you fall into this category.

Moderate acne, you may experience a hundred whiteheads/blackheads, up to 50 inflamed bumps or up to 125 lesions at the same time.

Severe acneit shows multiple inflamed cyst and nodules. Acne often turns deep red or purple.

What Should You Do?

  1. Contact a dermatologist for treatment because it’s not an overnight treatment. It’s a course that takes 4 weeks before showing any visible results. Then there is scarring and spots that need time and treatment to disappear.
  2. Keep a check on your diet as indigestion causes acne.
  3. Lack of Vitamin A, E, D and Zinc cause acne. So make sure to include spinach, pumpkin, sweet potato for vitamin D.  Nuts and oils for Vitamin E. Beans, yoghurt, cashews for Zinc and not to forget vitamin D sources Sunlight, orange juice and dairy products in your diet.
  4. Drink at least 6-8 glasses of water daily.
2. Hyperpigmentation

The common causes of Hyperpigmentation are overexposure to UV radiation. Heat and UV radiation disturb the production of melanin in our skin cells causing blemishes, dark spots and freckles. Hormones cause a particular type of hyperpigmentation known as melasma/chloasma.

What to do?

  1. Contact a dermatologist if you are not sure of the condition.
  2. To avoid, wear SPF of 30 before stepping out in the sun.
  3. It can be treated with home remedies and over the counter treatment. Though, home remedies are a bit slow in action.
  4. Kojic acid/ Glycolic acid can easily treat the hyperpigmentation.
3.Facial Hair

Everyone has fine facial hair. But some experience coarse and dark facial hair. There are both types of treatment that are beneficial in removing facial hair – Home remedies and Laser treatment.

What to do?

  1. Want a permanent solution then go for Laser treatment with a few sitting or session.
  2. You can use home remedies that are dirt cheap. They are believed to have a permanent effect on some.
4. Age Spots

They have nothing to do with age while they are called age spots. These brown spots occur due to overexposure to ultraviolet sun rays making melanin work overtime at the certain spot.

What to do?

  1. Consult a doctor.
  2. Use hydroquinone 2% or 4% in the night.
  3. Retinoids have proven standard in removing age spots. It can be very drying and flaky.
  4. Use SPF 30 in the day time.
 5. Stretch Marks

Rapid weight gain or loss leads to stretch marks. They mostly appear on stomach, hips and breast. They are easily treatable if they are fresh and takes times as age.

What to do?

  1. Moisturising the skin makes them less prominent.
  2. Use retinoid A with the consult of your doctor. It speed-up the cell turnover.
  3. Always moisturise well when using Retinoids. Use Vitamin E oil directly from capsules to moisturise the area to overcome dryness.
  4. You can also ingest one vitamin E capsules a day to nourish your skin within.
  5. Always use retinoids at the night and take care of dryness in the day time.
6. Scars

Scar sometimes brings a happy memory from childhood and sometimes a bad memory from an accident. Scars are the results of skin’s collagen and elastin. They are treatable but takes way lots of time and patience. And still, doesn’t guarantee a smooth skin unless surgically treated.

What to do?

  1. If you have raised scar from stitches, use Retinoids to treat the scars. It inhibits the growth of cells while exfoliating the upper layer making it smooth.
  2. Consult a doctor for more complex treatments.
7. Birthmarks

As the name suggested, marks that you have since birth are called birthmarks. They are the overgrown pigmented cells that sometimes disappear with time. They are mostly harmless and doesn’t treat treatment. But if it is bothersome to you and is in someplace you are not comfortable with like on face then it can be removed too. Consult your doctor for such.

8. Moles

Moles are dark in colour from brown to black. It occurs due to the growth of skin cells in cluster form.

What to do?

  1. Glycolic acid 6% and 12% can be used to slowly remove moles.
  2. It can be removed surgically by a dermatologist.
Tips to Remember:
  1. Consult your doctor before self-treating.
  2. Always wear Sunscreen in the day time to avoid various skin conditions.
  3. Eat healthily and drink juices.
  4. The body needs Vitamins minerals and proteins to stay healthy and glowy. So, don’t deny your body its nutrition.
  5. Drink plenty of water to flush toxins out of your system.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: