Hormones are the chemical messengers that regulate cellular activity and perform the most basic to the complicated function of the body. At a certain stage of life, men and women both face a shift in hormone level.
If you are suffering from all these in the past, chances are, you are having a hormonal imbalance. And, one or more of the following hormones could be your culprit.
Before you look for quick remedies to balance your hormone, understand hormone and how they affect your body. Each hormone is different and performs differently.
The primary function of the oestrogen hormone is to help form secondary sex characteristics in females during puberty. It helps in regulating menstruation cycle, protein synthesis, accelerate metabolism and increase bone formation.
The lack of oestrogen hormone in females causes:
- Irregular periods or lack of
- Mood swings
Oestrogen hormone level falls due to polycystic ovarian disorder, eating disorder and extreme exercise and training.
The level of oestrogen hormone falls during menopause causing hot flashes, night sweat, memory loss, depression, loss of muscle mass and increased belly fat and vaginal dryness. A premenopausal woman will likely have PMS with oestrogen dominance. She may have body fat around the hips and find it difficult to lose weight.
The level of oestrogen hormone rises during puberty that helps in developing secondary sex organs in females. High level of oestrogen causes weight gain and related to tumours of the ovaries.
It is sometimes called ‘the hormone of pregnancy’, is also related to the menstruation cycle. This hormone plays a significant role in skin elasticity and bone strengthening.
The deficiency of progesterone is related to:
- Heavy periods
- Severe menstruation symptoms
The low-level hormone makes it difficult to maintain a pregnancy.
It is primarily known as ‘Male hormone’ and also present in a female body. The first sign of rising testosterone occurs during puberty in male and female both resulting in body odour, oily skin and hair, acne and hair growth on the body.
The low-level of testosterone hormone in women causes:
- Dry skin and hair
- Low libido
Low level of testosterone has been linked to obesity and depression. The high-level results in:
- Excessive hair growth
- Irregular or absent menstruation
- Deep voice
- Increased muscle mass
- Frontal balding
It also leads to infertility and women finds it difficult getting pregnant.
It is commonly known as ‘ lactogenic hormone’. It helps women produce milk after childbirth. Though, it is important for both male and female reproductive organs.
High level of prolactin hormone is normal during pregnancy and nursing. But in others can be the cause of a noncancerous tumour on the pituitary gland.
The symptoms include:
- Unexplained headaches
- Abnormal growth of facial and body hair
- Visual impairment
Low blood sugar and stress also raise the level of prolactin in the body.
E. HCG (Human chorionic gonadotrophin)
This hormone is produced in the cell that makes up the placenta during pregnancy. The level of HCG doubles every three days during pregnancy. It then levels off after 12 weeks of pregnancy. The level of HCG can be detected by both blood test and urine test. HCG during pregnancy maintains the level of progesterone in the body. It keeps the body warm. It also protects the lines of the uterus.